Volatile Organic Compounds
The Industrial Emission Directive (IED) - Driving closed systems in surface cleaning
The European Council Directive 1999/13/EC (known as SED
Solvent Emissions Directive), which Member States needed to
transpose into national legislation put into force not later than 1
April 2001, became fully active for all new as well as existing
installations on 31 October 2007. The SED was implemented in 2010
into the Industrial Emission Directive 2010/75/EU (IED).
It covers a wide range of solvent-using activities, such as
printing, surface cleaning, painting and coating activities, dry
cleaning and manufacture of footwear, and pharmaceutical
The IED establishes emission limit values for VOCs in waste
gases and maximum levels for fugitive emissions for solvent.
Although chlorinated solvents have negligible ground ozone
formation potentials, they were included into the IED directive
because of their overall hazard profile.
For Surface Cleaning the directive is driving the use of
enclosed equipment by setting tight emission limits, not only
reducing emissions into the environment but also reducing to a high
extent the risk for worker exposure. Proper implementation is seen
by ECSA as a basic element for gaining and increasing
sustainability of the chlorinated solvents.
ECSA is helping users through guidance to properly implement the
directive and ECSA member companies are offering the tools to
establish closed systems not only during cleaning but also for
handling and storage and run the closed equipment with
chlorinated solvents in a highly economic manner enabling equipment
integrated recycling and constant re-use of the solvents.
To extent the benefit of closed systems and to assure adequate
risk control of R45 labelled solvents in surface cleaning also in
units below 1mt/year solvent consumption which are exempted from
the IED directive, ECSA has developed the trichloroethylene charter
(TRI Charter) as an voluntary industry commitment.
See the TRI
Download the IED-Directive
Download the ECSA
Guidance on the Industrial Emission Directive for Chlorinated
Solvent Users document (pdf).